Better policies series


Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, the Better Policies Series tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of member and partner countries, focusing on how governments can make reform happen.

» China

» Colombia

» Euro Area

» France

» Germany

» Germany and the Euro area

» Greece

» India

» Italy

» Japan

» Japan and the Euro area

» Korea

» Mexico

» Portugal

» Russian Federation

» Slovak Republic

» Slovenia

» Spain

» Tunisia

» United Kingdom



China China

All on Board: Making Inclusive Growth Happen in China (March 2015)

Rapid growth has changed the face of China, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of poverty, facilitating unprecedented urbanisation and raising living standards. Yet a number of challenges need to be addressed to sustain strong, increasingly inclusive growth, so that benefits of rising prosperity can be shared evenly. This report provides evidence-based analysis, shares international best practices and identifies policy options.

» Chinese version: 一个都不能少:推动中国实现包容性增长 (pdf)



China in a Changing Global Environment (March 2015)

As preparation continues for the 13th five-year plan, China is at a crossroads. It is confronting the challenge of transforming what has been up to now a highly successful development model so that it can sustain stronger, fairer, greener and more balanced growth in the face of structural shifts domestically, and a rapidly changing global environment. A possible policy roadmap for sustaining China's transition towards a more inclusive, high-productivity and knowledge-based economy, that will ultimately support a transition to high-income status, would include initiatives spanning a broad range of policy domains.

» Chinese version: 新时代全球背景下的中国 (pdf)



China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth (March 2014)

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the  collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

» Chinese version: 中国:推进包容性增长的结构改革 (pdf)



The People's Republic of China - Avoiding the middle-income trap: Policies for sustained and inclusive growth (September 2013)

This report presents an update of OECD policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development. They include food security, social safety nets, health reform, green growth, climate change and urbanisation.

» Chinese version: 中华人民共和国 - 避免中等收入陷阱:实现可持续和包容性增长的政策 (pdf)


Colombia ‌Colombia

Colombia: Policy Priorities for Inclusive Development (January 2015)

Colombia’s recent economic performance has been one of the most dynamic in Latin America. The government’s major reform efforts have contributed to the improving economic and social situation. However, embarking on a path towards inclusive growth is vital in the context of successfully eradicating poverty, providing opportunities for its growing middle class and solidifying progress towards lasting peace. The road ahead to high-income status will be demanding and calls for major policy initiatives in areas such as education, innovation, infrastructure and rural development.

» Spanish version: Colombia - Políticas prioritarias para un desarrollo inclusivo


European-Union Euro area 

Euro area: Economic challenges and policy recommendations (February 2014)

The euro area is beginning to show the much-awaited signs of recovery. Area-wide efforts to strengthen the public finances and the institutional underpinnings of the monetary union are sowing the seeds of vigorous, inclusive growth. But comprehensive structural reforms are needed to enhance productivity and restore competitiveness in the years to come.

» Version française: Zone euro : Enjeux économiques et recommandations pour l'action publique (pdf)


France France

France: Chiffres clés sur l’éducation et l’accueil des jeunes enfants en France (janvier 2015)

L’accueil et l’éducation des jeunes enfants dans des établissements de qualité peuvent avoir un impact positif à long terme sur le développement et l’apprentissage des enfants, la réussite scolaire, y compris pour les plus démunis, et, plus tard, sur l’accès au marché de l’emploi et la mobilité socio-économique.



France: Les réformes structurelles : impact sur la croissance et options pour l’avenir (octobre 2014)

La France a des atouts considérables qui peuvent étayer un redressement de sa croissance : le pays est notamment leader dans un certain nombre de secteurs à forte intensité technologique et a un système social très développé. Mais les mécanismes qui lui permettraient de croître de façon plus affirmée se sont enrayés : les gains de productivité ont été modestes depuis le milieu des années 1990 et la compétitivité s’est dégradée. Les réformes structurelles engagées sont donc indispensables.

» English version: France - Structural reforms: Impact on growth and options for the future



France: Redresser la compétitivité (juillet 2014)

Améliorer la productivité et la compétitivité de l’économie française requiert d’agir de front sur l’innovation et la recherche, sur la concurrence, sur l’éducation et la formation professionnelle, ainsi que sur le fonctionnement du marché du travail, sur l’efficacité de l’action publique et sur la politique fiscale.

» English version: France - Restoring competitiveness


Promouvoir la croissance et la cohésion sociale (juin 2012)

Ce document présente les principales recommandations de l'OCDE pour la France dans des domaines essentiels tels que la croissance et l’emploi (efficacité des services publics, système financier, innovation, fonctionnement des marchés des produits et du travail, éducation, retraites, réforme fiscale, croissance verte et agriculture) et la justice sociale (santé, logement, famille, jeunesse, intégration).


Germany Germany

Germany - Keeping the Edge: Competitiveness for inclusive growth (February 2014)

Despite the harsh external economic environment, Germany has managed to reduce unemployment significantly while buttressing the long-term sustainability of its public finances. Drawing on the expertise and experience of OECD member countries, this report sets out key policy priorities for Germany to boost productivity growth and social inclusion.

» German version: Deutschland - Den Vorsprung sichern: Inklusives Wachstum durch Wettbewerbsfähigkeit (pdf)


Germany European-Union Germany and the Euro area 

Addressing the Competitiveness Challenges in Germany and the Euro Area (October 2012)

The euro area is faced with the double challenge of addressing diverging competitiveness patterns between its members while redressing it vis-à-vis the rest of world. Both developments call for strong and decisive policy actions to boost productivity in all European countries, and to create mechanisms allowing for a stronger link between productivity gains and wages. The report is designed to support European countries and institutions in their efforts to formulate and implement an agenda for inclusive growth and competitiveness in Europe. 


Greece Greece 

Greece at a Glance: Policies for a Sustainable Recovery (March 2010)

This brochure proposes a strategy to correct imbalances and modernize the Greek economy, accompanied by action plans in the following areas: public administration and budgets; pensions; the governance of state owned enterprises; tax policies; employment and social policy; education; new sources of growth, innovation and green growth;competition; the complex political economy problems associated with reforms in the public sector.

» Greek version: Η Ελλάδα Με μια Ματιά Πολιτικές για Βιώσιμη Ανάκαμψη


India India 

India: Sustaining High and Inclusive Growth (October 2012)

Renewed impetus for reforms is essential for India to continue to narrow its major gap in living standards with middle-income and OECD economies, to reduce widespread poverty, to reverse rising inequality and to improve the wellbeing of all Indians. Drawing on the expertise and experience of OECD and partner countries, this Report presents an update of OECD policy advice in those areas that are critical to India’s long-term economic performance and social development.


Italy Italy 

Structural Reforms in Italy: Impact on Growth and Employment (February 2015)

To improve Italy’s long-term growth prospects, comprehensive structural reforms are needed to boost competitiveness and support job creation. Drawing on the OECD Economic Survey of Italy 2015, this paper provides a snapshot of the government’s reform agenda and assesses the impact on productivity, employment and GDP of the reforms that have been introduced since 2012.

» Italian version: Riforme strutturali in Italia: Impatto su crescita e occupazione



Italy: Reviving growth and productivity (September 2012)

Over the past two years, Italy has made a major effort to speed up long overdue structural reforms. These reforms have been courageous, ambitious and wide-ranging and could add up to an estimated 4% to GDP over the next 10 years. Drawing on OECD member countries’ experiences, this brochure presents an update of key OECD policy advice in areas that are critical to Italy’s future.

» Italian version: Italia - Dare slancio alla crescita et alla produttività



Japan: Advancing the third arrow for a resilient economy and inclusive growth (April 2014)

After two decades of low growth and persistent deflation, Japan is showing signs of renewed economic dynamism. But to regain its primacy as a leading economic powerhouse and raise the well-being of its citizens, Japan needs a structural reform package to narrow the productivity gap with leading OECD countries.

» Japanese version: 日本: レジリエントな経済と包摂的な成長に向けて第三の矢を放つ (pdf)



Policies for a revitalisation of Japan (April 2012)

Japan has several major strengths it can draw upon but major reforms are needed on several fronts. A keystone of the Revitalisation strategy is tax reform, not only to boost revenues but also to support growth and make it greener and more inclusive. 

» Japanese version: 日本再生のための政策OECDの提言


Japan European-Union Japan and the Euro area 

Escaping the Stagnation Trap: Policy Option for the Euro Area and Japan (January 2015)

The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.


South-Korea Korea

A framework for growth and social cohesion in Korea (June 2011)

This report was prepared to help Korea identify and address main social policy challenges. It suggests specific policy options and a strategy to “go social”, based on the practices and reforms that have worked well in other countries.

» Korean version: 한국의 성장과 사회통합을 위한 틀


Mexico Mexico

Mexico: Better policies for inclusive development  (September 2012)

This document sets out the OECD's analysis and recommendations in 21 areas that are strategic for Mexico’s present and future, in order to build a more prosperous, greener and fairer country.

»‌ Spanish version: Mejores políticas para un desarrollo incluyente


Portugal Portugal

Portugal: Deepening structural reform to support growth and competitiveness (July 2014)

Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. This document highlights some key priorities to support economic growth and competitiveness through further productivity-enhancing structural reforms.

» Portuguese version: Portugal: Consolidação da reforma estrutural para o apoio ao crescimento e à competitividade



Portugal: Reforming the State to promote growth (May 2013)

After two decades of strong economic growth and convergence in living standards towards the levels of more prosperous OECD countries, Portugal’s performance weakened in the 2000s, productivity growth slowed and competitiveness deteriorated. Restoring Portugal’s potential for strong, inclusive growth calls for a comprehensive reform of the State.


Russia Russian Federation

Russia: Modernising the Economy (April 2013)

Russia has made fast progress in reducing poverty and catching up with the income level of advanced OECD countries over the past decade. However this progress has been largely supported by rising oil prices rather than the structural transformation of the economy. It has also been uneven. Regional and personal inequalities remain extremely large. Continuing the improvement in living standards requires simultaneously reducing dependence on natural resources, modernising the economy and fostering more inclusive and sustainable growth. 

» Russian version: Россия МОДЕРНИЗАЦИЯ ЭКОНОМИКИ (pdf)


Slovakia Slovak Republic

Slovak Republic: Fostering an inclusive job-rich recovery (April 2013)

The Slovak Republic is one of the most dynamic economies in the euro area. The country has continued to converge rapidly towards the living standards of advanced OECD economies. However, the Slovak Republic should continue on its path of reform to achieve balanced, fair and sustainable growth.


Slovenia Slovenia

Slovenia: Reforms for a strong and sustainable recovery (May 2014)

During the last five years, Slovenia has endured a double‐dip recession that has seen unemployment 
increase to unprecedented levels, especially among the youth. The situation has improved recently, thanks to major policy initiatives to strengthen the banking system, enhance bankruptcy legislation, reform labour market policies, and support low‐income households through the tax‐and‐transfer system. 
As Slovenia reforms, it should continue to protect some of its great achievements, such as having one of the lowest levels of income inequality and relative poverty in the OECD.

» Slovenian version: Slovenija: Reforme za močno in trajnostno oživitev (pdf)


Spain Spain

Spain: Policies for a Sustainable Recovery  (October 2011)

This report provides an update on policies that the OECD believes can contribute in six areas that are crucial for a lasting improvement in Spain’s future: public finances; labour market; pension system; innovation; environment, green growth and climate change; education. 

» Spanish version: España - Políticas para una recuperación sostenible



Tunisia: A Reform Agenda to Support Competitiveness and Inclusive Growth (March 2015)

Tunisia has made great strides since 2011 towards greater inclusivity and fairness in its political system, based on the rule of law, transparency and good governance. The country now needs to adopt a new growth model to achieve its full potential and cement the democratic transition. 

» French version: Tunisie : Un programme de réformes à l'appui de la compétitivité et de la croissance inclusive


United-Kingdom United Kingdom

United Kingdom: Policies for a Sustainable Recovery (July 2010)

The UK should build on its strong foundations to boost its recovery and restore confidence, according to this OECD report that Secretary-General Angel Gurria presented in London.