Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. This will likely need to be achieved with less water, mainly because of growing pressures from urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change. In this context, it will be important in future for farmers to receive the right signals to increase water use efficiency and improve agricultural water management, while preserving aquatic ecosystems.
This report calls on policy makers to recognise the complexity and diversity of water resource management in agriculture and the wide range of issues at stake. And it gives them the tools to do so, offering a wealth of information on recent trends and the outlook for water resource use in agriculture, including the impacts of climate change. It examines the policy experiences of OECD countries in managing their water resources for agriculture, with focus on: the extent to which countries subsidise the supply of water to farmers; flood and drought risk policies; and institutional organisation and governance as it relates to water and the agricultural sector. The report offers concrete recommendations on what countries should be doing and why.
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An overview of the most important results and policy conclusions from recent and ongoing OECD work on agriculture.
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In dieser Sammlung von Hintergrunddokumenten werden einige der wichtigsten Ergebnisse und grundsätzlichen Schlussfolgerungen der Arbeiten der OECD zur Landwirtschaft zusammengefasst.
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Country questionnaire for the OECD publication Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture
Innovation allowed us to continuously increase our ability to produce food for growing populations and remains a key driver of poverty reduction in poor rural economies, according to OECD Secretary-General. But governments need to pay attention to policy issues such as regulation, intellectual property rights and public acceptance of new technologies in order to realise the full potential of existing knowledge.
Policy Principles for Food and Agriculture and Guidance Concerning the Strategic Orientation of Future Work to be Undertaken by OECD- (Text agreed by representatives of the OECD countries, the EU and of Chile, Estonia, Israel, Romania, the Russian Federation, and Slovenia).
Politikgrundsätze für die Bereiche Ernährung und Landwirtschaft sowie Orientierungshilfen zur strategischen Ausrichtung der künftig von der OECD zu leistenden Arbeiten.
In his opening remarks at the agriculture ministerial meeting, Angel Gurría said that the main challenge is to define what policy makers can do to create a competitive agro-food sector capable of feeding a growing world and conserving natural resources for future generations.
With billions more people to feed, world food production will have to rise by nearly 50 % in the next 20 years. The farming sector will also be faced with diminishing land and water resources and the impact of climate change.
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OECD publication on farmland conversion, agriculture and land-use policy