In recent years, the region has achieved impressive progress. Following one lost decade and two decades of huge effort, the majority of Latin American countries now have consolidated democracies, functioning public institutions, stable finances, economies that are open to trade flows and investment, and an increasing number of transnational enterprises.
Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.
After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of ports of Antofagasta, an analysis of the impact of the ports on their territory and an assessment of policies in this field. It examines port performance over the last decades and identifies the principal factors that have contributed to it.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
English, PDF, 2,442kb
Fiscal policy plays an essential role in reducing income inequality in OECD countries while this effect tends to be lower in Latin American economies. This paper adds to the discussion by looking at the issue from a tax-benefit analysis perspective; namely by estimating the impact of the welfare system on the different income groups in Chile and Mexico.
Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables
English, PDF, 1,886kb
This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.
Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.