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Costa Rica


  • 30-July-2018

    English

    Las políticas que fomentan una mayor integración de los trabajadores inmigrantes podrían mejorar su contribución a la economía costarricense, según el nuevo informe del Centro de Desarrollo OIT-OCDE

    El estudio proporciona un análisis sin precedentes de la contribución de los trabajadores inmigrantes en tres áreas de la economía costarricense: mercado laboral, crecimiento económico y finanzas públicas.

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  • 30-July-2018

    English

  • 30-July-2018

    English

    How Immigrants Contribute to Costa Rica's Economy

    A better understanding of how immigrants shape the economy of Costa Rica can help policy makers formulate policies to boost positive effects and mitigate negative effects of immigration. This report finds that immigration has a limited, but varying, economic impact in Costa Rica. Immigration tends to reduce the employment rate of the native-born population, but does not affect labour income. The estimated share of value added generated by immigrants is above their share of the population. In 2013, immigrants’ contribution to the government budget was below that of the native-born population, while expenditures for both groups were similar. Policies aimed at immigrant integration, by increasing de facto access to public services and to the labour market, could enhance immigrants’ economic contribution. How Immigrants Contribute to Costa Rica's Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The project aimed to analyse several economic impacts – on the labour market, economic growth, and public finance – of immigration in ten partner countries: Argentina, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Rwanda, South Africa and Thailand. The empirical evidence stems from a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses of secondary and in some cases primary data sources.
  • 4-July-2018

    English

    Structural policies to boost productivity and inclusion in Costa Rica

    Owing to past structural reforms, Costa Rica has enjoyed robust GDP growth and productivity levels are gradually converging towards the OECD average.

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  • 4-July-2018

    English

    Costa Rica: Restoring fiscal sustainability and setting the basis for a more growth-friendly and inclusive fiscal policy

    Consecutive years of primary deficits have led to mounting public debt of almost 50% of GDP, one of the fastest increases in Latin America over the last decade.

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  • 4-June-2018

    Spanish

    Respaldo del Secretario General de la OCDE a las medidas fiscales anunciadas por Costa Rica

    “En los últimos años la OCDE ha alertado repetidamente a Costa Rica acerca del débil estado de sus finanzas públicas. Ello quedó reflejado en los Estudios Económicos de la OCDE de Costa Rica de 2016 y 2018. Costa Rica ha tenido déficits fiscales durante casi una década, y el déficit público del año pasado fue el más grande en los últimos 30 años.

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  • 18-April-2018

    English

    OECD Economic Survey of Costa Rica: Research Findings on Productivity

    This volume collects four studies that were prepared as background research to the 2018 OECD Economic Survey of Costa Rica. Using firm-level, trade and sectorial data, these studies seek to provide insights into the trends in productivity and its determinants in Costa Rica. This volume represents a collaborative effort by a team of researchers from the OECD Secretariat and official agencies of Costa Rica. 
  • 18-April-2018

    English

    Opening Session of the Second Ministerial Summit on Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean

    This meeting follows a successful initiative that started in Santiago de Chile, where we met in December 2016. I trust that today’s Summit will be once again an opportunity to exchange views on how stronger productivity growth can contribute to better lives in the region.

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  • 18-April-2018

    English

    Launch of the OECD Economic Survey of Costa Rica: Research findings on productivity from firm-level, trade and sectoral data

    I would like to thank Minister Alexander Mora and the General Manager of the Central Bank of Costa Rica, Emmanuel Prado, for the active collaboration that both they and their teams have given us in this project. The access to data at the level of individual firms provided by the Central Bank was essential to complete this research.

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  • 17-April-2018

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Costa Rica 2018

    Costa Rica has achieved strong levels of well-being. However, many institutional obstacles are hampering more robust growth and the spreading of its gains more widely. Setting in motion a 'virtuous cycle' of inclusive growth will require reforms across several policy areas that present win-win opportunities in terms of equity and productivity improvements. Rebalancing spending towards early childhood and secondary education would improve outcomes and equity and also help increasing the low level of participation of women in the labour market. Costa Rica should move from the current emphasis on education spending towards outcome policy targets, supported by performance indicators. Policies to reduce labour market informality should continue, including greater enforcement of obligations to pay social security contributions and a gradual move to a smaller number of minimum wages. Eliminating unjustified exemptions from competition would boost productivity growth. Fiscal imbalances remain the major threat to growth and living standards in the medium term. A comprehensive fiscal reform package is needed to bring to a halt the fast rising debt-to-GDP ratio, including measures to increase tax revenues and curb spending, strengthen the budgetary framework with a new, operational fiscal rule and restrict earmarking.SPECIAL FEATURES: FISCAL POLICY; PRODUCTIVITY; INCLUSIVE GROWTH
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