Brazil is a South-South co-operation provider. The most recent available figures on Brazil’s development co-operation programme are for 2013 (Ipea and ABC, 2016) and were published in 2016. The 2013 figure – a total of USD 397 million – includes activities that are not, or not entirely, included as development co-operation in Development Assistance Committee (DAC) statistics (and may also exclude some development activities that would be included in DAC statistics).[i] The OECD estimates that Brazil’s development co-operation amounted to USD 316 million in 2013 (Table 38.2), down from USD 411 million in 2012. Of these USD 316 million, 66%, or USD 208 million, were channelled through multilateral organisations. More recent estimates by the OECD suggest that Brazil channelled USD 96 million through multilateral organisations in 2015 (derived from the multilateral organisations’ websites).
The Ministry of External Relations oversees Brazil’s development co-operation, while the Brazilian Co-operation Agency provides technical co-operation. Apart from technical co-operation, Brazil’s bilateral co-operation includes humanitarian assistance, scientific and technological co-operation, scholarships and refugee costs. Brazil is also engaged in triangular co-operation, partnering with several international organisations (e.g. the United Nations Development Programme; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; the World Food Programme; the International Labour Organization; the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and DAC members (e.g. Germany, Japan, Spain and the United States). These programmes support developing countries (e.g. South American countries, Lusophone African countries, Haiti and Timor-Leste) in areas such as agriculture, food security, health and public administration.
Brazil’s development co-operation to multilateral organisations was primarily channelled through the United Nations (57%) in 2015 and the Inter-American Development Bank (43%).
Brazil is a Key Partner of the OECD.
[i]. Brazil’s development co-operation is significantly higher according to the official figures published by the Brazilian government. The OECD uses these data but, for the purposes of this analysis, only includes in its estimates: 1) activities in low and middle-income countries; and 2) contributions to multilateral agencies whose main aim is promoting the economic development and welfare of developing countries (or a percentage of these contributions when a multilateral agency does not work exclusively on developmental activities in developing countries). The OECD also excludes bilateral peacekeeping activities. Brazil’s official data may exclude some activities that would be included as development co-operation in DAC statistics, and so are also excluded from the OECD estimates that are based on Brazil’s own data.