In 2016, Romania’s net ODA amounted to USD 269 million, representing an increase of 71% in real terms over 2015. The ODA/GNI ratio rose from 0.09% in 2015 to 0.15% in 2016.
Law No. 213/2016 provides the legal basis for the development co-operation and humanitarian aid activities financed from Romanian public funds. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the national co-ordinator of Romania’s development co operation and humanitarian aid policy. It monitors progress made in achieving the objectives and commitments assumed by Romania, reports annually to the government on activities implemented and signs funding agreements. An Advisory Committee, composed of representatives from line ministries, public institutions, civil society, academia and the private sector, is responsible for ensuring the co-ordination and unity of strategic planning and priorities in the field of development co-operation. Law No. 213/2016 also created an Agency for International Development Cooperation, “RoAid”, which is responsible for implementing development co-operation and humanitarian aid-related activities.
In 2016, Romania provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Moldova, Turkey, Serbia, Ukraine and the Syrian Arab Republic. The main sectors of Romania’s bilateral development co operation were governance and civil society; education, health and population, and humanitarian aid. Romania provides its bilateral development co-operation mostly in the form of scholarships and grants for financial and technical support.
Multilateral ODA accounted for 59% of Romania’s total ODA in 2016, provided primarily through the European Union (accounting for 87% of its multilateral ODA in 2016), as well as through the World Bank Group (7%) and the United Nations (3%).
Romania became a Participant in the Development Assistance Committee in 2018.