Environment and development

Climate change and development


Climate change impacts such as drought, floods, severe weather and sea-level rise are likely to result in a range of development risks and threats. These will disproportionately impact the poor and developing countries. Key challenges for the development community are to ensure that climate change adaptation and mitigation are integrated at all levels of development decision-making, and to channel adequate financial resources to fund climate-related activities that promote development effectiveness.

Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation | Climate Finance and Development | Tracking Climate Finance


1. Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation


Cover of working paper on monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation 

Further information

OECD work on climate change adaptation

There are close links between development and climate change. Recognising this, OECD member countries have committed to “work together to better integrate climate change adaptation into development planning and assistance, both with their own governments and in activities undertaken with partner countries”. The Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation brings together expertise from the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and Environmental Policy Committee (EPOC) to support the integration of adaptation into development co-operation and planning. 


National Climate Change Adaptation: Emerging Practices in Monitoring and Evaluation (2015)

Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation: Methodological Approaches (2014)

OECD Policy Guidance on Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation (2009)

Practice-oriented training based on the OECD Policy Guidance (2009)



Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, 3-4 October 2016, Paris, France

Adaptation Futures 2016, 10 - 13 May 2016, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Workshop: linking adaptation to Climate Change with financial protection mechanisms, 26 April 2016, Bogota, Colombia

Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, 20-21 April 2015, Paris, France

Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, 9-10 April 2014, Zurich, Switzerland

OECD-CPI Consultation on Development and Climate Change, Session on Development and Climate Change Adaptation, November 2013, Warsaw, Poland


2. Climate Finance and Development 


The Partnership for Climate Finance and Development is a voluntary initiative promoting the deployment of climate finance at country-level through coherence and collaboration among climate change, finance and development co-operation communities at the country, regional and global levels. The OECD is working to apply lessons from development co-operation to the management and delivery of climate finance through the Partnership.

Find out more about the Partnership for Climate Finance and Development



 3. Tracking Climate Finance

rio markers logo


Further information

Tracking finance flows towards environmental objectives is key to monitor progress and hold countries to account on their commitments – such as the UNFCCC commitment on the part of developed parties of mobilising jointly USD 100 billion per year by 2020 from a wide variety of sources, public and private, to support mitigation and adaptation in developing countries.

The DAC is monitoring external development finance targeting environmental objectives through its Creditor Reporting System (CRS) using “policy markers”: donors are requested to indicate for each development co-operation activity they report to the OECD whether or not it targets environmental objectives. There are two policy markers used to track climate-related development finance; one for climate change mitigation (introduced in 1998), and one for climate change adaptation (introduced in 2010).





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