Biodiversity, water and natural resource management


  • Groundwater Allocation - Managing Growing Pressures on Quantity and Quality

    Groundwater allocation determines who is able to use groundwater resources, how, when and where. Building on the 2015 OECD publication "Water Resources Allocation: Sharing Risks and Opportunities", this new report focuses on groundwater and how its allocation can be improved in terms of economic efficiency, environmental effectiveness and social equity.

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  • Korea: Enhancing Water Use Efficiency: Policy Issues and Recommendations

    The report analyses how economic policy instruments under the responsibility of the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport can be adjusted to contribute to water policy objectives; and investigates how Smart Water Management Korea, an initiative by K-water that combines information and communication technology with water technology, can be harnessed to better contribute to water management in the country.

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  • Marine Protected Areas

    Intense exploitation of our oceans and seas is degrading marine biodiversity and ecosystems at an alarming rate. This new report presents good practice insights for effectively managing marine protected areas (MPAs), one of the policy instruments available for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and ecosystems.

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OECD work on biodiversity, water and natural resources management focuses on policy analysis to help ensure more environmentally effective, cost-efficient and equitable outcomes.

video - GREEN TALKS LIVE ON Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture

Agriculture is expected to face increasing water risks in the future. Climate change, extreme weather events, sea level rise, growing water demand from other sectors, groundwater depletion and pollution will impact agriculture production in different regions of the world. Where are these water risks located? How will they affect markets, trade or food security and what can be done?

On 18 October 2017, Guillaume Gruère of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate discussed the use of a hotspot approach to mitigate the impacts of these growing risks for agriculture and food security. The presentation was based on the recently published OECD study on water Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture.


Biodiversity  Water 
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Examining how to better conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems, today and for future generations.


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Identifying the priority areas where governments need to focus their water reform efforts.


Fisheries  Forests    Sustainable agriculture 
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Providing policy analysis of pressing global issues in fisheries, aquaculture, and sustainable fisheries management.


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Assessing incentives and policy approaches to achieve maximum benefits to society.


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Promoting the use of principles of ecology which take into account the relationships between organisms and their environment.

Sustainable agriculture