Resource productivity and waste


  • Extended Producer Responsibility - Guidance for Efficient Waste Management

    This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). Since then, EPR policies to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling have been widely adopted in most OECD countries; product coverage has been expanded in key sectors such as packaging, electronics, batteries and vehicles; and EPR schemes are spreading in emerging economies in Asia, Africa and South America, making it relevant to address the differing policy contexts in developing countries.

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  • Governments can do more to preserve material resources and cut waste

    Advanced economies have reduced their consumption of raw materials and improved waste management, but more should be done to design and produce goods in a way that uses fewer natural resources and produces less waste, according to the new OECD report "Policy Guidance on Resource Efficiency".

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  • Extended Producer Responsibility: In-country dialogues & workshops

    The OECD is working to make updated Guidance on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) relevant for emerging markets, including through a series of in-country policy dialogues. This work is supported by the European Union and aims to share the experience that has been gained in the OECD with emerging market economies that are now beginning to implement EPR.

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OECD is tackling today’s most challenging resource management issues by promoting the sustainable use of materials in order to reduce their negative environmental impacts and encourage resource efficiency.


Shardul Agrawala of the OECD Environment Directorate presented on the potential benefits and drawbacks of widespread 3D printing and what it means for environmental sustainability in OECD countries and beyond on 27 February 2017.

3D printing has gained popularity in recent years with the 3D manufacturing market projected to grow at around 20% each year until 2020.

Annual printer sales are projected to exceed $10 billion by 2021.

3D printing may be growing rapidly and innovations abound, but what does this mean for the environment?

Economic instruments for sustainable materials management Resource productivity Sustainable materials management

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Economic instruments, including extended producer responsibility, are key for sustainable materials management.

Economic instruments

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There is a need to decouple material consumption from economic growth.

Resource productivity

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SMM addresses the management of materials through their life cycle.


 Waste containing nanomaterials Waste prevention and minimisation
Transboundary movements of waste
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Supporting a better understanding of potential risks of naomaterials in waste streams.

Waste & nanomaterials

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Major efforts are needed to reduce waste quantities.

Prevention & minimisation

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There is a need to control transboundary movements of hazardous waste.

Transboundary movement