This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity
conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
The mechanisms are environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity
offsets, green markets, biodiversity in climate change funding, and biodiversity in
international development finance. Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies
worldwide, this book addresses the following questions: What are these mechanisms
and how do they work? How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there
to scale this up? And what are the key design and implementation issues that need
to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally
effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?