Integrity is crucial in order to ensure sustainable peace in Colombia. This report provides a focused analysis of Colombia’s integrity system, addressing existing gaps and elaborating policy recommendations on how to build a coherent public integrity system. The review pays special attention to improving co-ordination at the national level and with the regions, cultivating a culture of integrity in the public administration, and enabling effective accountability through internal control and risk management. It emphasises the priority of mainstreaming integrity policies in the processes and sectors related to the implementation of the Peace Agreement to prevent corruption and to contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.
This review of Corporate Governance in Colombia was prepared as part of the process of Colombia's accession to OECD Membership. The report describes the corporate governance setting for both listed companies and the state-owned sector (SOEs). The review then examines the legal and regulatory framework and company practices to assess the degree to which the recommendations of the G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance and the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises have been implemented. The review finds that Colombia's framework for the corporate governance of listed companies is largely consistent with the Principles, although some companies have been reluctant to implement some of the good practices recommended in Colombia's national corporate governance code. For SOEs, the report recognises substantial reforms undertaken during the review process to adopt an ambitious national ownership policy. Reforms have included establishing an ownership co-ordination unit and more transparent reporting on SOE performance, and removing ministers from SOE boards and establishing more transparent board nomination processes aimed at enhancing the qualifications of board members. The report seeks continuing efforts to consolidate these reforms and to implement plans announced in the national ownership policy.
Le financement concessionnel dispensé par la Colombie au titre du développement s’est élevé au total à 42 millions USD en 2015, contre 45 millions USD en 2014 (estimations de l’OCDE d’après Gouvernement de la Colombie, 2014, 2015 ; et les sites web des organisationsmultilatérales).
Grupo Energía de Bogotá (GEB) is a leading multilatina company in the Latin American electricity and natural gas industry, with over 6 million customers in countries like Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru.
La economía colombiana ha mostrado mayor resiliencia que otras de América Latina ante la reciente caída de precios de las materias primas y sigue formando parte de las economías más sólidas de la región.
L’économie colombienne a mieux résisté que d’autres pays d’Amérique latine à la chute récente des coûts des produits de base et se classe toujours parmi les premières de la région.
Growth in Colombia has been among the strongest in the region, reflecting the flexible exchange rate and inflation targeting monetary policy, and fiscal rules. The strong growth and welfare programmes to the most vulnerable groups have substantially reduced poverty. Lower taxes and fees on wages have brought more people to better quality formal jobs, thereby raising both productivity and inclusiveness. Productivity and job opportunities have also been enhanced by recent reforms facilitating the opening of business, obtaining construction permits, registering property and paying taxes. However, productivity growth is still low and the gap between rich and poor among the highest in Latin America. Informality and gender gaps remain high, and social mobility low. Years of armed conflict, stringent local regulations and distortions in the tax system have created disparities in productivity and access to basic services across regions. Further simplifying procedures for company registration and the affiliation of workers to social security, improving labour market programmes, expanding early childhood education, and raising education quality would boost inclusion, social mobility and living standards. Greater and more affordable child, elderly and disability care would open the job market to more women. Raising productivity will be fundamental to continued increases in living standards for all Colombians.
SPECIAL FEATURES: PRODUCTIVITY; INCLUSIVE GROWTH
The latest OECD Economic Survey of Colombia, to be published on Thursday 25 May, analyses the factors behind the country’s resilience to the global commodity slowdown as well as the outlook for 2017-18.
These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.
Les pays en développement sont affectés de manière disproportionnée par la hausse des pertes liées aux événements climatiques extrêmes. Sur la base d’études de cas en Colombie et au Sénégal, ce document examine comment les pays utilisent la protection financière dans le cadre de leurs approches de gestion des risques climatiques.