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Digitalisation and Innovation

The ongoing technological transformation has the potential to boost more inclusive and sustainable growth by spurring innovation, generating efficiencies, and improving services.  The OECD has been working closely with the G20 to identify common policy tools to help countries reap the benefits of the transformation underway and leverage its new sources of growth, while addressing the potential disruption they may cause. The OECD continues to play an important role in supporting the G20 Digital agenda and in helping countries reducing the gap between "technology 4.0" and "policy 1.0", building on our cross-cutting and evidence-based analysis, and notably its ongoing Going Digital project.

Innovation and Next Production Revolution

The OECD has substantially contributed to the G20 debate around the definitions of innovation and open science and supported the exchange of innovation policy practices within G20 countries. Through delivering the 2016 G20 Innovation Report and by establishing a new G20 Community of Practice (CoP) within the Innovation Policy Platform (IPP), the OECD contributed to inform the debate and facilitate the sharing of best practices on innovation policies.


Furthermore, since 2016, G20 countries have been debating the impact of a range of fast-developing new technologies on the production and the distribution of goods and services, the so-called “Next Production Revolution”. The OECD has help designing the 2016 G20 New Industrial Revolution Action Plan, by delivering the Next Production Revolution Report for the G20, which identifies the far-reaching economic, social, and political consequences of technological changes and calls for a coordinated, global response.

Digital Economy

Since 2017, the debate has focused on designing an ambitious and comprehensive G20 digital agenda, leading to adoption by G20 Ministers responsible for the Digital Economy in Dusseldorf of the G20 Roadmap for Digitalisation. The OECD has actively contributed to the design of this ambitious policy package, including by delivering a report on the Key Issues for Digital Transformation in the G20, which identifies key directions for policy making in the digital era. The Organisation has since contributed to the implementation of the G20 Digital Roadmap, by informing the discussion of the G20 Digital Economy Task Force on issues such as competition, business dynamics and consumer protection.

Under the ongoing 2018 Argentinian Presidency, the OECD is supporting the G20 debate around best practices for digital government, on improving digital infrastructure, on measuring the digital economy and helping SMEs take advantage of digitalisation. Furthermore, the OECD is actively contributing to the G20 effort to bridge the digital divide, informing the discussions, broadening the evidence base and identifying policy measures aiming at Empowering Women in the Digital Age.