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A mutually beneficial relationship


Costa Rica is currently in the accession process with the OECD. On 9 April 2015, OECD member countries agreed during a meeting of the OECD Council, the Organisation’s governing body, to open membership discussions with Costa Rica.

In this context, Costa Rica participates in the substantive work of many of the OECD’s specialised Committees. Costa Rica prepared an Action Plan which states its commitment to adhere to OECD instruments, participate in OECD Committees and conduct selected policy reviews.

To co-ordinate the relationship, the OECD’s Global Relations Secretariat develops and oversees the strategic orientation of this relationship and ensures that the dialogue remains focused and forward-looking.

This results in a mutually beneficial relationship. The review and evaluation procedure allows for the sharing of OECD standards and good practices with Costa Rican authorities, and the identification of areas for future reforms. Costa Rica values the opportunity to discuss major policy issues and challenges in a multilateral context and to learn from the experiences of OECD countries facing similar challenges in many areas. In turn, this dialogue enriches the OECD’s knowledge and policy advice, and benefits OECD members and non-OECD economies by enabling them to acquire a better understanding of Costa Rica.


XXIV Ibero-American Summit

Luis Guillermo Solís, President of Costa Rica and Ángel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD during the XXIV Ibero-American Summit in Veracruz, Mexico

"We are committed to ensuring the effective implementation of our Action Plan, which is indeed an ambitious instrument that entails a wide range of commitments in terms of participation in OECD bodies, adherence to an important array of legal instruments, and the commitment to carry out a series of policy reviews. Twenty seven ministries and public institutions are responsible for the implementation of this Plan, showing the strong commitment towards this objective. We are convinced that this will move us closer to the standards and best practices of the OECD. We also celebrate with deep enthusiasm the launch of the OECD Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme. We are convinced that this important initiative will contribute to closer ties between the OECD and the Latin American region and serve as a guide for the adoption and implementation of practices and policies that contribute to transform the region into a more transparent, prosperous and inclusive society. Costa Rica is committed to working closely with the Organisation and serving as a platform for the successful implementation of this Programme in Central America and the Caribbean.”


Luis Guillermo Solís, President of Costa Rica





Latest OECD publications on Costa Rica

 OECD Reviews of Health Systems Costa Rica 2017‌‌‌

OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Costa Rica 2017

This report puts forward policy recommendations for strengthening the performance and sustainability of the health care system in Costa Rica. There is much to praise in Costa Rica’s health care system: institutional stability; a closely integrated but well-differentiated provider arm, with strong primary care; a degree of inter-sectoral co-ordination that serves as a model of good practice; detailed and effective dialogue between users and health service managers; and, innovation around professional roles and the use of ICT that other health systems could learn from. All this leads to health outcomes on a par with several OECD economies. Nevertheless, serious strains are evident: spending is rising steeply, fuelled by salaries, fees and facility payments based on last year’s outlay. These spending increases are not always associated with improvement in services: waiting lists are excessively long and growing. The system is perhaps too stable: institutional rigidity and vested interests have stalled vital reforms, meaning that Costa Rica still lacks systematic application of DRGs and health technology assessment, despite attempts to bring them in.


Additional Recent Reviews of Costa Rica:


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