The Inernational Energy Agency's periodic review of Luxembourg's energy policies and
programmes. It analyses the energy challenges facing Luxembourg and provides critiques
and recommendations for further policy improvements.
Since the last review in 2004, Luxembourg has reformed its energy policies across
all sectors, has fully liberalised its electricity and natural gas markets, and is
actively participating in the development of the evolving Central West European regional
electricity system. Luxembourg has also prepared a broad action plan on energy efficiency,
improved the support system for renewable energy sources and revised taxes to mitigate
climate change. The country’s energy policy in the coming decade will be shaped by
the EU 2020 targets that call for substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions,
and strong increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency. These targets will
be hard to meet, given that roughly half of energy-related CO2 emissions come from
transport fuel use by foreign truckers and motorists, and that Luxembourg’s potential
for producing much more renewable energy is limited. Luxembourg is heavily dependent
on oil. Although oil sources are well diversified by country of origin, more than
85% of oil stocks are held in neighbouring countries and often based on short-term
leasing contracts. This leaves the country vulnerable to potential oil supply disruptions.
Luxembourg should swiftly implement a plan to improve the security of oil supply.