Social protection is at the heart of Kyrgyzstan’s development and is a priority of
public policy. Pension coverage among today’s elderly is universal and a large number
of contributory and non-contributory programmes are in place to cover a wide range
of risks. Kyrgyzstan has succeeded in maintaining the entitlements dating from the
Soviet era while introducing programmes appropriate for its transition to a market
economy. However, severe fiscal constraints have limited the coverage of these new
arrangements and their capacity to adapt to challenges such as poverty, pervasive
informality and emigration.