English, PDF, 322kb
Female labour participation has grown enormously in the Netherlands, but gender gaps in labour market outcomes persist. The gender pay gap for full-time workers is 14%, close to the OECD average, and the gender gap in working hours is large, as most women work part-time.
English, PDF, 316kb
In the face of population ageing and related rapid social and economic changes, skills are increasingly crucial to support inclusive growth and social cohesion.
English, PDF, 322kb
Fully reaping the opportunities of digitalisation is essential to sustain productivity growth and improve living standards in Latvia.
English, PDF, 320kb
Better access to education and affordable housing would help strengthen the skills of the workforce, increase labour mobility and reduce skills matches.
English, PDF, 332kb
Educational attainment has improved, but educational outcomes still need to be enhanced.
English, PDF, 319kb
A lack of access to affordable housing has emerged in Germany. Especially in the largest cities, a mismatch between demand and supply contributes to rising house prices and rents, creating challenges for housing affordability and inclusive growth.
English, PDF, 317kb
Germany faces growing labour shortages both in high- and medium-skilled occupations and well-managed labour migration is a key policy lever to mitigate these shortages.
English, PDF, 325kb
Fully reaping the opportunities of digitalisation is essential to sustain productivity growth and improve living standards in Germany.
English, PDF, 337kb
Boosting labour productivity growth is key for more inclusive and sustainable growth.
English, PDF, 483kb
Gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls is a universal policy goal. It is a key pillar of inclusive growth initiatives and of the 2030 Agenda (Sustainable Development Goal 5), with benefits for every citizen. While in many OECD countries income and labour market participation gap between women and men has decreased in recent decades, gender gaps in economic life remain vast in all countries.