Science and technology

Data

Gross domestic spending on R&D

Latest data on gross domestic spending on R&D, which is defined as the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D carried out by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc., in a country.

Books

Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy, synergies must be ensured to avoid overexploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs.