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  • 19-December-2018

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    OECD Biotechnology Newsletter Updates

    Read our newsletter to stay up-to-date with all the latest OECD work on biotechnology.

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  • 14-December-2018

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Austria 2018

    Over the past two decades, Austria has become one of the most R&D intensive economies among OECD countries and in the world, dedicating 3.1% of its GDP on R&D in 2016, the second highest figure in the European Union. To fully harness this R&D capacity, Austrian innovation policy needs to put a stronger emphasis on efficiency in transforming R&D inputs into impacts. To achieve higher impacts, Austria also needs to steer its research and innovation system towards leadership excellence in global markets. This requires enhanced international attractiveness for top-level researchers and talent, and a conducive environment for highly innovative enterprises. Austria could also benefit from strengthening R&D and innovation to support key transitions, such as digitalisation and Industry 4.0, and to tackle key societal challenges. The STI policy mix and governance arrangements should be adapted accordingly.
  • 19-November-2018

    English

    OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 - Adapting to Technological and Societal Disruption

    The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 is the twelfth edition in a series that biennially reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in OECD countries and a number of major partner economies. The 14 chapters within this edition look at a range of topics, notably the opportunities and challenges related to enhanced data access, the impacts of artificial intelligence on science and manufacturing, and the influence of digitalisation on research and innovation. The report also discusses the shortcomings of current policy measures, how the Sustainable Development Goals are re-shaping STI policy agendas, and the need for new - more flexible and agile - approaches to technology governance and policy design. While these disruptive changes challenge policy makers in a number of ways, the digital revolution underway also provides solutions for better policy targeting, implementation and monitoring.This report relies on the latest academic work in the field, research and innovation statistical data, as well as data on wider trends and issues. It makes extensive use of country responses to the 2017 EC OECD STI policy survey (https://stip.oecd.org) and features contributions by renowned experts and academics to broaden the debate and provide more personal, sometimes controversial, angles to it.
  • 22-October-2018

    English

    Oslo Manual 2018 - Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition

    What is innovation and how should it be measured? Understanding the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovative firms and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. First published in 1992, the Oslo Manual is the international reference guide for collecting and using data on innovation. In this fourth edition, the manual has been updated to take into account a broader range of innovation-related phenomena as well as the experience gained from recent rounds of innovation surveys in OECD countries and partner economies and organisations.  
  • 10-September-2018

    English

    OECD international survey of scientific authors

    This survey aims to collect information on the activities of scientific authors, from the underpinning research to its ultimate outcomes, covering the review, publication and dissemination processes. The OECD has launched a new phase to collect statistical evidence on the use of digital tools for science and on their impact on different scientific activities.

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  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Gene editing for advanced therapies: Governance, policy and society

    Recent breakthroughs in gene editing techniques have ushered in a new era for gene editing and health innovation. This report is the result of an expert meeting to explore the core scientific, legal, regulatory and societal challenges facing the responsible development and use of gene editing in somatic cells for advanced therapies.

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  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Issues in neurotechnology governance

    Governments, funders and companies around the world are making unprecedented investments in brain research and the development of neurotechnologies. This report provides a summary of main discussion points emerging from an expert consultation that aimed to identify and classify cutting-edge neurotechnologies and the ethical, legal, social, economic and cultural issues that arise with them.

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  • 3-April-2018

    English

    Open and inclusive collaboration in science: A framework

    Digitalisation is fundamentally changing science and this paper lays out some of the opportunities, risks and major policy challenges associated with these changes. More specifically, it lays out a conceptual framework for open science which aims to help different communities to decide on their own priorities within the open science space.

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  • 27-March-2018

    English

    Report on statistics and indicators of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This paper provides a summary of trends and developments in biotechnology and nanotechnology over the last 20-25 years based on the longitudinal analyses of patents. It also introduces an experimental indicator which aims to visualise developments over time in each research area.

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  • 23-March-2018

    English

    Gene editing in an international context: Scientific, economic and social issues across sectors

    There is broad agreement that gene editing techniques go beyond incremental advances of past biotechnologies, but harnessing the potential will require meeting significant policy challenges in arenas of governance, ethics, and public engagement. This report summarises the discussions of a group of international experts and policymakers.

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