Social and welfare issues

OECD: a leader in international measurement and analysis in social policy


The OECD carries out work on social data and indicators to improve international comparisons and economic analyses of social policies. Key statistical areas of work covered by the Social Policy Division include: 


Social Expenditure Indicators (SOCX)



Social Recipients Indicators (SOCR)

Income Distribution and Poverty (IDD)



Social Indicators    

Family Indicators

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Gender Indicators

Benefits and wages Indicators

Country Highlights


 Pensions Indicators

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Affordable Housing Indicators




Basic Income

Recent debates of basic income (BI) proposals shine a useful spotlight on the challenges that traditional forms of income support are increasingly facing, and highlight gaps in social provisions that largely depend on income or employment status.

Keeping the levels of guaranteed minimum-income benefits (GMI) in existing social protection system as a target value for a BI, chart below shows that the income provided by GMI benefits is typically well below the poverty line. But in most countries, a BI financed exclusively by replacing existing cash transfers would fall well short even of these GMI benefit amounts.

Find out more in Policy brief on the future of work Basic Income as a Policy Option: Can it add up? 


At current spending levels, a basic income would be well below the poverty line

Non-elderly benefit spending per capita and guaranteed minimum income (GMI) level as a percentage of the poverty line, 2013

Basic Income

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