This study analyses publicly-mobilised private finance for climate action in South Africa, between 2010 and 2015. The mobilisation effect of public climate finance on private finance is estimated through an analysis and attribution of project-level co-finance data. A pilot-methodology then expands the analysis to also incorporate the mobilisation effect of financial support in two sectors: renewable energy and energy efficiency.
The South African economy has registered tremendous progress over the past two decades, boosting living standards and lifting millions out of poverty nationwide.
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Growth in South Africa remains subdued but is projected to pick up modestly in 2017. This is expected to lead to some improvement in both the employment and unemployment figures.
Tax revenues in African countries are rising as a proportion of national incomes, according to the inaugural edition of Revenue Statistics in Africa. In 2014, the eight countries covered by the report - Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritius, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa and Tunisia - reported tax revenues as a percentage of GDP ranging from 16.1% to 31.3%.
Price levels for private hospital services in South Africa are comparable to the levels observed across OECD countries. But they are higher than what could be expected given the country’s income, according to a new OECD working paper.
Reforms over the past two decades have produced a well-balanced, modern tax system. However, considerable revenues will be needed in the years ahead to expand social spending and infrastructure in order to raise growth and well-being. The challenge is to generate these revenues without penalising growth or exacerbating inequality.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
South Africa has made impressive social progress over the past two decades, lifting millions of people out of poverty and broadening access to essential services like water, electricity and sanitation.
The Secretary-General was in Pretoria to present the 2015 OECD Economic Survey of South Africa and hold meetings with several high-level officials. He also participated in a meeting on the OECD’s New Approaches to Economic Challenges (NAEC) initiative.
Taxation is a key tool by which governments can influence energy use to contain its environmental impacts. This report provides a systematic analysis of the structure and level of energy taxes in OECD and selected other countries, including South Africa; together, they cover 80% of global energy use.