Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.8% in August 2017

OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates, s.a.


10/10/2017 - The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 5.8% in August 2017, unchanged since May. Across the OECD area, 36.1 million people were unemployed, 3.5 million more than in April 2008.

The unemployment rate remained stable in the euro area in August, at 9.1% for the third consecutive month. The largest declines in the area were observed in Latvia (down 0.3 percentage point, to 8.2%) and the Slovak Republic (down 0.2 percentage point, to 7.5%), while the largest increase was recorded in Austria (up 0.2 percentage point, to 5.6%). 

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

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