ANBERD (Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development) database
Last data update: October 2017 Direct link to the ANBERD dataset Short url: oe.cd/anberd
The OECD’s ANalytical Business Enterprise Research and Development (ANBERD) database presents annual data on Research and Development (R&D) expenditures by industry and was developed to provide analysts with comprehensive data on business R&D expenditures. The ANBERD database incorporates a number of estimations that build upon and extend national submissions of business enterprise R&D data by industry (main activity/industry orientation).
The current version of the ANBERD database presents OECD countries’ and selected non-member economies’ business expenditure on R&D since 1987, broken down across 100 manufacturing and service industry groups.
The reported data follow the International Standard Industrial Classification, Revision 4 (ISIC Rev. 4) and are expressed in national currencies as well as in US dollars at purchasing power parity (PPP), both at current and constant prices.
In addition to the ANBERD dataset, official business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) data submitted to the OECD via the OECD/Eurostat R&D data collection (which is the main underlying source for ANBERD) can be accessed through the OECD Research and Development Statistics (RDS) database.
For further information on ANBERD, including the release calendar for other countries, please contact RDSurvey@oecd.org.
Detailed ANBERD data on business R&D expenditure by industry enable analysis and comparison of the way countries’ BERD is distributed across industries. They allow for cross-sectional and time series analyses. As an illustration, the chart below shows the share of BERD performed by services industries, manufacturing industries, and others in the latest year available and ten years before.
ANBERD was also conceived to allow business R&D expenditure to be matched with industry performance data of the STructural ANalysis (STAN) Database and related datasets (see http://oe.cd/stan).
Classification of industries according to R&D intensity
Using ANBERD data, the OECD has produced a new taxonomy of industries according to their average level of R&D intensity. This work represents an update and reframing of previous OECD taxonomies that were based on earlier versions of the ISIC classification. Industries are clustered into 5 groups (high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low R&D intensity industries). One special feature of this new taxonomy is the inclusion of non-manufacturing industries, especially services, whose coverage has improved in the R&D tables collected in ISIC Rev.4.