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Selected findings for the United States from the report "Preventing Ageing Unequally"
Digitalisation is having a profound impact on our societies. It offers many opportunities as a driver of innovation in the private and public sectors. We are already seeing, for example, how our tax administrations are benefiting from these new technologies to enhance services to taxpayers, improve tax compliance and tackle tax evasion and avoidance.
The latest OECD Interim Economic Outlook forecast global GDP growth to increase from around 3% last year to just over 3½% this year and next. Supported by policy stimulus, growth performance has been strong in the first half of the year and more synchronised across the world. Argentina, Brazil and Russia are returning to growth.
Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
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Selected findings for the United States from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"
Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The minimum standard is complemented by a set of best practices.
The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 1 peer review of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by the United States, which is accompanied by a document addressing the implementation of best practices.
The OECD is represented outside of Paris by Centres in Berlin, Mexico City, Tokyo, and Washington. The Centres serve as regional contacts for the full range of OECD activities, from the sales of publications, to inquiries from the media, to liaison with governments, parliaments, business, labour and civil society. They help disseminate information regarding OECD activities, and serve to communicate priorities from member countries'
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Unemployment has fallen faster in the US than on average across OECD countries. At 4.3% in May, it is now below it pre-crisis level in 2007. However, employment in the US, as a share of the population aged 15-74, remains 2.4 percentage points below its pre-crisis value in 2007.
Between 2000 and 2010, US manufacturing experienced a nightmare. The number of manufacturing jobs in the United States, which had been relatively stable at 17 million since 1965, declined by one third in that decade, falling by 5.8 million to below 12 million in 2010 (returning to just 12.3 million in 2016). Certainly, the 2007–08 recession accelerated the disruption, but the causes were also structural, not simply financial.
We are here today because we think it’s time to put water at the top of our global agenda. It’s time to get our water act together. I want to thank the Council on Foreign Relations for hosting us as we launch this call. And I thank in particular PJ Simmons for introducing this discussion.