General information about San Pedro Sula
San Pedro Sula was founded by the Spanish Captain Don Pedro de Alvarado the 27th of June 1539. Located at the shore of the Chamelecón River and the feet of the Merendón mountain range. At the beginning of the Twentieth Century the city went through a physical reorganization aiming at improving the appearance and distribution of streets and avenues. This allowed San Pedro Sula to become a well-organized both for commerce and citizens neighborhoods.
This makes San Pedro Sula the second most important city in Honduras, surpassing both in terms of population size and economic dynamism the rest of non-capital cities in Central America. Currently, the cities’ population is over 500,000 inhabitants. It has education centers at the primary, secondary and tertiary level, health centers, industries that account to roughly 28.5 per cent of the economically active population of the city. In addition it has shopping malls that have improved the appearance of the city and a myriad of factors contributing to its economic and social development.
It has been the economic engine of the country, popularly dubbed as the “Industrial Capital of Honduras”. Given its location in Valle de Sula, one of the most fertile valleys of the country, agriculture and livestock have been strong drivers of its economics prowess. Another of the economic advantages derives from the fact that it is only located at 55 km from Puerto Cortés, the main maritime port of Honduras and Central America. This has been vital in the development of the maquila industry, the second most important good in income generation in Honduras.
The climate in the city is hot and humid. The average temperature ranges from 32 to 37 degrees Celsius between March and May, and as the rest of the country the probability of rain is high between September and November, which may have the effect of reducing the hot temperatures.
Another big advantage is that it is near tourists destinations in the west and north part of the country. Thanks to its modern and certified airport and excellent roads, the city has turned into the main arrival point for international passengers that come to Honduras searching to dive and snorkel in the Bay Islands (Roatán, Utila and Guanaja), go to the tropical rainforest of Tela, La Ceiba and La Mosquitia or Las Ruinas de Copán.
At the international airport, Ramón Villeda Morales, an airport tax of US$ 48.24 is paid.
Upon arrival to Honduras, a yellow fever vaccine is compulsory for every national or international passenger that is coming from endemic countries. Countries by region are listed below:
- América: Panamá, Trinidad & Tobago, Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana Francesa, Perú, Surinam, Venezuela and Paraguay.
- Rest of countries: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central Republic of Africa, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Republic of Sierra Leone, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tasmania, Uganda, Rwanda, República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe, and Togo
The vaccine should be applied at least 10 days before entering or leaving the country. The traveler has to carry the international vaccination card valid for 10 years.