The activity is deemed ODA-eligible, as it concerns the destruction of explosive remnants of war, including MANPADS and landmines and has clear benefits for civilians in developing countries (paragraph 107). Given the large amount of unexploded ordnance, in particular improvised explosive devices (IEDs) left behind by retreating Da’esh forces, coordinated mine action is key to stabilising areas, facilitating the return of IDPs and enabling the provision of basic services. Without timely and adequate clearance of critical infrastructure and residential and administrative areas, other stabilisation efforts will be delayed, which would be potentially destabilising as well as leading to safety concerns due to the extent of the contamination. The project’s training component targets civilian emergency response personnel and local nationals recruited from affected areas. The use of commercial contractors is in line with UNMAS’ current strategy for “blended solutions” to the twin demands of clearance and capacity development in Iraq.