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  • 22-août-2019

    Français

    De grandes entreprises internationales s'engagent à lutter contre les inégalités en rejoignant la coalition d'entreprises au service de la croissance inclusive (B4IG) dans le cadre de la Présidence française du G7

    Plusieurs grandes entreprises internationales se sont engagées à lutter contre les inégalités et à promouvoir la diversité en leur sein et dans leurs chaînes d’approvisionnement dans le cadre d’une initiative lancée sous l’égide de la Présidence française du G7, et coordonnée par l'OCDE.

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  • 6-August-2019

    English

    Exploring changes in world production and trade

    Drawing on the 2018 update of the OECD’s Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database, this paper explores the evolution of trade in value added between 2005 and 2015. Changes in international production systems are examined with particular attention given to four key sectors heavily integrated into global value chains: textiles and apparel, chemicals, ICT and electronics, and motor vehicles.

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  • 8-July-2019

    English

    In-Depth Productivity Review of Belgium

    Belgium has a high level of productivity. However, growth of productivity has declined quite strongly over the past two decades, and more so than in other advanced economies. This is a worrying development, as fewer productivity gains mean less wage growth and a slowdown in improvements to pensions, health care and well-being. This In-Depth Productivity Review of Belgium assesses in detail the drivers of productivity and recommends a 7-Point Action Plan to reignite productivity growth in Belgium. Reviving productivity growth requires action in many areas cutting across governments and ministerial competences. Measures are needed to instil more dynamism in Belgium’s economy, both among businesses and in the labour market, and to make the public finances more growth-oriented. In addition to recommending detailed policy measures to revive productivity growth, the Review contains three analytical chapters that lay out the evidence base: Chapter 1 on economy-wide and sectoral trends in productivity; Chapter 2 on the role of firms for productivity, with a focus on the dispersion of performance among businesses; and Chapter 3 on the worker dimension of productivity, with a focus on the role of wage bargaining and skills.
  • 2-July-2019

    English

    Steelmaking capacity

    Governments participating in the OECD Steel Committee consider excess capacity as being one of the main challenges facing the global steel sector today. This data portal makes data on steel projects in OECD countries fully accessible for the first time.

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  • 25-June-2019

    English

    Digital Government Review of Argentina - Accelerating the Digitalisation of the Public Sector

    This Digital Government Review highlights the efforts taking place in Argentina to digitalise and improve data governance in its public sector and build the foundations for a digital government. The review explores Argentina’s institutional, legal and policy frameworks and their strategic role in the digital transformation of the public sector. The report also discusses how to reinforce the capacity of the public sector to 'go digital' and better respond to citizens' needs. It explores how ICT procurement, management, and commissioning can help improve public sector accountability and efficiency, as well as support greater policy coherence and compliance with digital government standards. The review ends with a discussion on the state of data governance in the public sector, including data leadership and stewardship, rules and platforms for data production, sharing and interoperability, data protection, data federation, and open government data initiatives.
  • 18-June-2019

    English

    Levelling the playing field: Dissecting the gender gap in the funding of start-ups

    The objective of this paper is to shed light on some of the determinants of success in early-stage venture capital financing bids. In particular, the work focuses on the effect of founders’ gender on investors’ funding decisions. Results from empirical analysis show that start-ups with at least one woman in the team of founders are less likely to receive funding by 5-10%.

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  • 20-mai-2019

    Français

    Les PME tirent la croissance de l’emploi, mais il faut renforcer les investissements dans les compétences, l’innovation et la technologie pour augmenter les salaires et la productivité

    Les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) constituent l’un des principaux moteurs de la croissance de l’emploi depuis plusieurs années, essentiellement grâce à la création de nouvelles entreprises et notamment dans des secteurs en forte croissance, comme celui des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC).

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  • 10-May-2019

    English

    Counterfeiting and Piracy and the Swedish Economy - Making Sure "Made in Sweden" Always Is

    The Swedish economy is innovative and rich in intellectual property (IP), with nearly every industry either producing or using IP. Swedish innovative industries are also export-dependent and very deeply integrated in the global economy, through active participation in global value chains. At the same time, the threats of counterfeiting and piracy are growing – and Sweden is vulnerable. This report measures the direct economic effects of counterfeiting on Swedish industry, government and consumers. It examines both the impact of the imports of fake products to Sweden and – more importantly – the impact of the global trade in fake products that infringe on the IP rights of Swedish innovative companies.
  • 29-avril-2019

    Français

    La croissance de l’emploi reste tirée par les emplois peu productifs

    Si l’emploi est orienté à la hausse dans les pays de l'OCDE, la plupart des créations d’emplois interviennent encore dans des secteurs caractérisés par une productivité et des salaires relativement faibles, selon un nouveau rapport publié par l'OCDE.

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  • 12-avril-2019

    Français

    Les PME se tournent vers les instruments de financement alternatifs, sur fond de ralentissement de la croissance du crédit bancaire

    Les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) se tournent de plus en plus vers des sources de financement non bancaires, dans un contexte où, en dépit de conditions de crédit favorables et d’un environnement propice aux entreprises, l’activité de prêts bancaires aux PME a progressé moins vite que prévu.

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