Politiques scientifiques, technologiques et d'innovation

Forum mondial de la science de l'OCDE


L’objectif du Forum Mondial de la Science (FMS) est de permettre aux pays d’améliorer leurs politiques scientifiques et de partager les bénéfices de collaborations internationales. Cela répond notamment aux besoins de la science de développer des collaborations internationales pour traiter des défis complexes aux dimensions sociétales, environnementales et économiques. Le FMS est un lieu de consultation et d’échanges mutuels entre hauts responsables de la politique scientifique des pays Membres. Il effectue des travaux d’analyse sur des questions de politique scientifique prioritaires.

Le Forum aide ses membres à formuler et appliquer leurs politiques scientifiques en:

  • étudiant les opportunités et mécanismes pour instaurer ou renforcer la coopération internationale dans certains domaines scientifiques; 
  • définissant des cadres internationaux pour le développement de politiques scientifiques nationales ou régionales; 
  • s'attachant aux dimensions scientifiques des questions de portée mondiale.

Les principaux clients du Forum sont les responsables gouvernementaux de la politique scientifique qui lui soumettent des questions pour discussion et analyse dans un cadre intergouvernemental. Chaque activité entreprise est préalablement analysée en fonction de critères de qualité, d’impact potentiel et de pertinence par rapport aux thématiques stratégiques du Forum définies pour la période 2015-2019. Le FMS est impliqué dans les activités suivantes :

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The GSF programme of work for 2019-2020 builds on what has been achieved over previous years. Shared research infrastructures are now playing an important role in all fields of science and, given the scale of investment, optimising the use of these facilities is a priority in many countries. If open science is to realise its promise then it will is critical that scientists have the necessary skills to manage and analyse data. Research is increasingly being expected to both provide solutions to complex societal challenges and new breakthroughs to underpin future technological innovation. At the same time there is concern about the attractiveness and sustainability of academic research careers.


Optimising the operation and use of national research infrastructures

Most research infrastructures (RIs) are funded, managed and operated at a national level, and provide services mostly to national research communities. However, national research budgets are limited, and governments and funding agencies have to support increasingly large and complex RI portfolios. The objective of this activity is to identify policies and procedures that can increase utilisation and improve the operation of national RIs. It will cover the use of national RIs by broader user communities, tools and options for long-term planning, and life-cycle management.


Policies to foster transformative/high-risk research

There is growing concern that public research is too conservative, short-term and risk-averse. Whilst funding, and how it is allocated, is a major driver for research, issues such as academic structures, research evaluation and strategic prioritisation processes also have an impact on what research is, and is not, conducted.   This GSF project is focusing on funding and policy actions aimed at fostering transformative/high-risk research.


Digital skills for data-intensive science

This project is focusing on the skills required for scientists in the age of digitalisation, and the reward and incentive systems and career paths for data scientists and professionals.  It aims to produce an analytical framework for use by policy-makers to assess needs and gaps. It will also highlight good practice examples that can be adapted to different contexts.


Addressing societal challenges using transdisciplinary research

Transdisciplinary research, integrating natural and social sciences with input from non-academic societal stakeholders, is increasingly seen as being important for developing solutions to complex societal challenges. However this does not always fit neatly with traditional academic research structures; there are challenges around funding mechanisms, evaluation systems, career paths, education and training, and data integration for transdisciplinary research. This project aims to carry out a systematic analysis of the theory, methods and practices for transdisciplinary research at the project and/or institutional level across different communities and countries. It will promotes mutual learning between countries, through sharing of good practices in transdisciplinary research.


Research Precariat

In many countries, the working conditions of researchers are not considered sufficiently attractive to retain the best national talent and attract good foreign researchers. The objective of this GSF project is to identify policies and procedures that could promote better strategic planning and management of research careers in the public sector, promoting inclusion and diversity, while increasing the quality of the science that is produced.


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