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A mutually beneficial relationship


OECD countries agreed on 25 May 2018 to invite Colombia as the 37th member of the Organisation. Colombian ex-President Juan Manuel Santos and Secretary-General Gurría will sign an Accession Agreement on 30 May during the upcoming meeting of the OECD Council at ministerial level in Paris. 

Colombia was invited to open accession talks in 2013. It has since been subject to in-depth reviews by 23 OECD Committees and has introduced major reforms to align its legislation, policies and practices to OECD standards, including on labour issues, the reform of its justice system, corporate governance of state-owned enterprises, anti-bribery, trade as well as new national policies on industrial chemicals policy and waste management. Colombia’s accession will extend OECD’s membership to 37 countries. It will be the third member country from the LAC region, joining Mexico and Chile. 

Colombia has valued the opportunity to discuss major policy issues and challenges in a multilateral context and to learn from the experiences of OECD countries facing similar challenges in many areas. In turn, this dialogue has enriched the OECD’s knowledge and policy advice, and benefited OECD members and non-OECD economies by enabling them to acquire a better understanding of Colombia.

1114 santos vs gurria web
Ángel Gurría, Secretary General of the OECD and Juan Manuel Santos, ex-President of Colombia in November 2014

“Colombia already has clear evidence of the impact that the OECD can have in a Latin American country. The accession process has initiated several institutional reform processes and triggered very important internal reflections. The OECD does well to turn their eyes towards our region, as evidenced by its new Regional Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean. This is a region that has much to learn and much to offer in experiences of social and economic policies. Our countries have challenges and experiences on issues that are of increasing importance in most developed countries, including growth, increasing productivity without leaving behind the most vulnerable, and governance in the context of an increasingly demanding population. It is a region that can benefit greatly from the concepts promoted by the OECD in the areas of governance, transparency and inclusiveness. Indeed, it is not easy to decide which is more true: Latin America needs the OECD or the OECD needs Latin America.”

Juan Manuel Santos, ex-President of Colombia


Latest OECD Publications on Colombia

OECD Reviews of School Resources Colombia 2018 EN‌‌  

OECD Reviews of School Resources: Colombia 2018

This country review report offers an independent analysis of major issues facing the use of school resources in Colombia from an international perspective. It provides a description of national policies, an analysis of strengths and challenges, and a proposal of possible future approaches. The analysis focuses on the funding of school education, the provision of school education and the development of the teaching profession. Rural education represents a transversal theme of the report within the context of Colombia's peace agreement and objectives to close rural-urban gaps in social and economic development.

The report covers all levels of compulsory education as well as transitions from early childhood education and care to school education and from school education to the labour market and tertiary education.

Find the executive press release here.


Additional Recent Reviews of Colombia

>> Access all OECD publications on Colombia

>> More OECD work on Colombia