Labour statistics

Learn more

  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

    Read more
  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

    Read more
  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

    Read more

What's new

OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.2% in May 2019

Unemployment rates, s.a.

OECD unemployment rate‌‌

09/07/2019 - The OECD unemployment rate was stable in May 2019 at 5.2%, 0.3 percentage point below its June 2007 low. Across the OECD area, 33.1 million people were unemployed.

In the euro area, the unemployment rate declined by 0.1 percentage point, to 7.5% in May, with declines of 0.2 percentage point in Italy (to 9.9%) and Spain (to 13.6%).

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics